PCOS (poly cystic ovarian syndrome)

PCOS

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a condition that affects a woman’s hormone levels.

Women with PCOS produce higher-than-normal amounts of male hormones. This hormone imbalance causes them to skip menstrual periods and makes it harder for them to get pregnant.

PCOS also causes hair growth on the face and body, and baldness. And it can contribute to long-term health problems like diabetes and heart disease.

Birth control pills and diabetes drugs can help fix the hormone imbalance and improve symptoms.

Read on for a look at the causes of PCOS and its effects on a woman’s body.



What is PCOS?

 

PCOS is a problem with hormones that affects women during their childbearing years (ages 15 to 44). Between 2.2 and 26.7 percent of women in this age group have PCOS . Many women have PCOS but don’t know it. In one study, up to 70 percent of women with PCOS hadn’t been diagnosed .

PCOS affects a woman’s ovaries, the reproductive organs that produce estrogen and progesterone — hormones that regulate the menstrual cycle. The ovaries also produce a small amount of male hormones called androgens.

The ovaries release eggs to be fertilized by a man’s sperm. The release of an egg each month is called ovulation.

Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) control ovulation. FSH stimulates the ovary to produce a follicle — a sac that contains an egg — and then LH triggers the ovary to release a mature egg.

PCOS is a “syndrome,” or group of symptoms that affects the ovaries and ovulation. Its three main features are:

  • cysts in the ovaries
  • high levels of male hormones
  • irregular or skipped periods

In PCOS, many small, fluid-filled sacs grow inside the ovaries. The word “polycystic” means “many cysts.”

These sacs are actually follicles, each one containing an immature egg. The eggs never mature enough to trigger ovulation.

The lack of ovulation alters levels of estrogen, progesterone, FSH, and LH. Estrogen and progesterone levels are lower than usual, while androgen levels are higher than usual.

Extra male hormones disrupt the menstrual cycle, so women with PCOS get fewer periods than usual.

SYMPTOMS

6 common symptoms of PCOS

Some women start seeing symptoms around the time of their first period. Others only discover they have PCOS after they’ve gained a lot of weight or they’ve had trouble getting pregnant.

The most common PCOS symptoms are:

  • irregular periods A lack of ovulation prevents the uterine lining from shedding every month. Some women with PCOS get fewer than eight periods a year .
  • Heavy bleeding: The uterine lining builds up for a longer period of time, so the periods you do get can be heavier than normal.
  • Hair growth: More than 70 percent of women with this condition grow hair on their face and body — including on their back, belly, and chest . Excess hair growth is called hirsutism.
  • Acne : Male hormones can make the skin oilier than usual and cause breakouts on areas like the face, chest, and upper back.
  • Weight gain : Up to 80 percent of women with PCOS are overweight or obese .
  • Baldness : Hair on the scalp get thinner and fall out.
  • Darkening of the skin: Dark patches of skin can form in body creases like those on the neck, in the groin, and under the breasts.
  • Headaches: Hormone changes can trigger headache in some women.

MEDICAL TREATMENTS

 

Common medical treatments

Birth control pills and other medicines can help regulate the menstrual cycle and treat PCOS symptoms like hair growth and acne.

Birth control

Taking estrogen and progestin daily can restore a normal hormone balance, regulate ovulation, relieve symptoms like excess hair growth, and protect against endometrial cancer. These hormones come in a pill, patch, or vaginal ring.

Metformin

Metformin (Glucophage, Fortamet) is a drug used to treat type 2 diabetes. It also treats PCOS by improving insulin levels.

One study found that taking metformin while making changes to diet and exercise improves weight loss, lowers blood sugar, and restores a normal menstrual cycle better than changes to diet and exercise alone

Clomiphene

Clomiphene (Clomid) is a fertility drug that can help women with PCOS get pregnant. However, it increases the risk for twins and other multiple births .

Hair removal medicines

A few treatments can help get rid of unwanted hair or stop it from growing. Eflornithine (Vaniqa) cream is a prescription drug that slows hair growth. Laser hair removal and electrolysis can get rid of unwanted hair on your face and body.

Surgery

Surgery can be an option to improve fertility if other treatments don’t work. Ovarian drilling is a procedure that makes tiny holes in the ovary with a laser or thin heated needle to restore normal ovulation.

Lifestyle habits and diet also helps in the treatment.

Treatment

SK LEAN PCOS DI ET PROGRAMME

From the past few years I have seen two in five females (within the reproductive age) runs the risk of suffering from #PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome) -A hormonal condition that causes cysts to develop around the ovaries and throws ovulation out of sync. It can also lead to infertility. Nowadays its very common in teens and young females due to the lifestyle they follow. The first signs of type 2 diabetes is PCOS, Hypothyroidism, Low calcium and Vitamin D, Stress related disease & Zero level of Exercise. Are some solid reason of PCOS Can diet cure PCOD???? Yes diet can cure PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome).
FEATURES 1-MONTH PLAN 3-MONTH PLAN 6-MONTH PLAN
Number Of Meal Plans 1 3 6
Analysis Of Blood reports
Vitamin and Mineral Prescriptions (if required)
The SK LEAN FOOD LIST (including Food Diary)
Progress Monitoring MEETING OR CALL 2 6 10
Travel Tips YES YES
EXERCISE ROUTINE
MIND EXERCISE
GAMES
RECIPES ONLY 6 ONLY 12
Rate 2500 6500 10500